Sim Racing Wheel Compatibility Guide 
, by Alex Myastan, 18 min reading time
, by Alex Myastan, 18 min reading time
A complete guide to sim racing steering wheel and wheel base compatibility in 2023. Included is a full PCD - QR Hub compatibility table and comprehensive PCD list.
Last updated: 14 February 2023. See the update log at the bottom of the article.
This article has two charts to illustrate which steering wheels are compatible with which wheelbases in 2023.
For many combinations the bolt pattern, or PCD (Pitch Circle Diameter), is the determining factor. However, some wheels are fixed to the base or to a QR Hub (Quick Release Hub), so PCD is not applicable to those.
Data and power transmission of the steering wheel are another factor to consider. Some are wireless, some are usb, some are widely usable, some require a specific wheelbase brand to function, although there are DIY options for those adept at such things.
We’ll also look at what platforms and games the different brands are compatible with, and what influences that compatibility.
If you are interested in comparing every wheelbase on the market in 2023, see that article, or you can read our complete steering wheel guide for more detail on all things to consider when buying a steering wheel.
Steering wheels are what you hold in your hand. Most have buttons of various types to control settings in the game you are playing.
Wheelbases are what the steering wheels are attached to (kind of, since a QR Hub can sit between, see below). The wheelbase has a motor which creates the force feedback. When you hear of direct drive, people are talking about a wheelbase. The other two types of force feedback systems are gear driven and belt driven.
The QR Hub is what sits between the steering wheel and wheelbase, and is made of the wheel side and base side parts that slot into one another.
It allows for a ‘quick release’, so you can swap in other steering wheels easily. Wheel side QR Hubs can either be fixed to the steering wheel internally, or more commonly, to a bolt pattern, a.k.a. a PCD.
On the wheelbase side, the QR Hub can be one with the shaft, clamped to the shaft or bolted to a PCD on the shaft.
Note that many low-end brands usually have fixed steering wheels. Logitech has steering wheels that are fixed to the base for both the G923 and G920/G29. In these cases you could add new wheels to the base with extensive DIY using custom adapters. If you’re up for it, go for it, but it is nice to have swappable wheels.
Most higher-ends brands allow you to use various steering wheels with their wheelbase. The QR Hubs usually attach to both the steering wheel and wheelbase using one of a couple of standard PCDs (6 x 70 mm or 3 x 50.6 mm).
Then there are some that allow you to swap within their ecosystem. Thrustmaster does this, Moza Racing does this and Fanatec does this to an extent.
First, what is PCD? Pitch Circle Diameter describes the number of bolts and their spacing. A 6 x 70 mm PCD tells us there are 6 bolt holes evenly spaced around a circle with a 70 mm diameter.
Table 1: The compatibility of the various wheelbases with different PCDs and steering wheels.
|Wheelbase Shaft||3 x 50.8 mm||6 x 70 mm||3 x 1.75" (NASCAR Style)||Fanatec||Thrustmaster||Moza Racing|
|QR||Podium Hub||Podium Hub||Native QR Hub|
|QR||Custom QR Hub||Custom QR Hub||Custom/Native QR Hub*||Native QR Hub|
|QR||Simagic QR*||Simagic QR70||Simagic QR*|
|QR||Native QR Hub|
|Adapter||Hub Adapter*||Hub Adapter||Hub Adapter*|
|QR||Native QR Hub*||Native QR Hub||Native QR Hub*|
|Direct||Shaft Clamp Adapter||Shaft Clamp Adapter||Shaft Clamp Adapter*|
* These are compatible as long as you have a PCD adapter. These are just simple mechanical parts, nothing fancy.
The second column shows the interface of the wheelbase shafts. They are either QR Hubs, fixed, adapters or direct. The direct and adapter options are just PCDs: the most friendly of all the options since they allow you to choose your own QR system.
SimXPerience and Simagic have QR systems that accommodate the standard PCDs on the steering wheel side, which is also fine.
Then you have Fanatec, Thrustmaster and Moza Racing with QR Hubs that only fit their steering wheels and steering wheels that only fit their wheelbases. Apple much?
Fanatec has at least released the Podium Hub, which fits their wheelbases and is compatible with most other steering wheels.
FAQ: What is the Fanatec Podium Hub for?
Only Fanatec steering wheels work with Fanatec wheelbases, unless you have a Podium Hub. A Podium Hub allows any steering wheel with a 6 x 70 mm or 3 x 50.8 mm PCD to attach to a Fanatec wheelbase.
See all the wheelbases available on Simplace, including Simucube, Thrustmaster and Moza Racing.
We need to look at both the wheelbase side and steering wheel side of things.
Table 2: The PCDs of all the major steering wheel brands.
|Moza Racing||Sim||(Fixed QR Hub)|
|Thrustmaster||Sim||(Fixed QR Hub)|
|Logitech||Sim||(Fixed to base)|
|Precision Sim Engineering||Sim||3 x 50.8 mm|
|Cube Controls||Sim||3 x 50.8 mm|
|Sparco||Real||3 x 50.8 mm/6 x 70mm|
|Rexing||Sim||3 x 50.8 mm/6 x 70mm|
|P1Sim||Sim||3 x 50.8 mm/6 x 70mm|
|Sportline||Real||3 x 50.8 mm/6 x 70mm|
|Fanatec||Sim||3 x 52 mm|
|Ascher Racing||Sim||6 x 70 mm|
|MOMO||Real||6 x 70 mm|
|Sparco||Real||6 x 70 mm|
|Innato||Sim||6 x 70 mm|
|Simucube||Sim||6 x 70 mm|
|Esportsim||Sim||6 x 70 mm|
|Gomez Sim Industries||Sim||6 x 70 mm|
|OMP Racing||Real||6 x 70 mm|
|SimX||Sim||6 x 70 mm/ 6 x 74 mm|
As pointed out earlier, Thrustmaster and Moza Racing only work within their ecosystems, as does Fanatec. Logitech does them one better (or worse), they are totally fixed to their base.
The vast majority are either 3 x 50.8 mm or 6 x 70 mm. These are standards in sim racing as well as real racing. That is what the second column distinguishes, brands that are sim specific versus steering wheels that are made for real racing.
That brings us nicely to the next section…
See all the steering wheels available on Simplace. Brands include Innato, Simucube and Moza Racing.
For the real racing steering wheel options in table 2 above, all of them are only a mechanical wheel. No buttons, no displays: nothing fancy. When you start to add buttons and displays, two questions present themselves:
DATA TRANSMISSION OPTIONS
Now you may understand why PCD is not the whole story of compatibility. Fanatec uses pins to power their steering wheels, which is why they are only compatible with their namesake bases.
Same story with Moza Racing steering wheels: pins for power. Certain Ascher Racing wheels will be built for Simucube systems. Other will cater to all with a USB cord.
I have a suspicion about Sim Racers… They spend half an hour in their tuning menus, in the name of an optimised car, but that’s not why they do it… they love the tinkering and the fiddling…
So are we surprised that there is a Leo Bodnar PCB board to convert a Fanatec steering wheel using cables instead of pins? Or that there are tutorials on how to fit a Sparco wheel to a Logitech base? No, no we are not.
That presents us with the Sim Racing DIY Rule:
When it comes to platform compatibility, almost every wheel is compatible with PC, but Playstation and Xbox work differently. For a wheel system to work with either platform, you need a security chip licensed by the respective companies installed in the hardware.
For Playstation, you need the security chip installed in the wheelbase while Xbox requires it to be installed inside the steering wheel. See this complete guide to wheelbases to see which wheelbases are compatible with which platforms.
Regarding game compatibility, that is a different story. To see iRacing compatible wheelbases and other game compatibility, see this spreadsheet with links to game compatibility lists for all the wheelbase brands. For steering wheels, you’ll have to check that out yourself, since that will differ wheel by wheel, not brand by brand.
Note that we have also up-to-date guides for the following:
> A Beginner's Guide to a Sim Racing Setup: This article provides an overview of your entire setup.
> Best Sim Racing Cockpits:
This article recommends the top ten cockpits for all budgets and
compares ~70% of all the cockpits on the market in a simple table.
> The Wheel Base Guide:
A comparison of every single wheel base on the market. We show the
torque, platform compatibility, price and other relevant information in
> The Steering Wheel Guide: See types of wheels and the other considerations when buying one.
> The Wheel Compatibility Guide: See the bolt patterns and QR Hubs of all the major wheel and wheel base brands.
> The Rig and Seat Guide: See the two types of rigs and the other considerations when buying one.
> The Shifter and Handbrake Guide: A comparison of every sim racing stick shifter and handbrake on the market.
> The Pedal Guide:
A comparison of all the budget and entry-level pedal sets, and the most
popular mid-range and high-end pedal sets on the market.
> How to Earn Money in Sim Racing: An overview of the various ways in which you can get income from your favourite hobby.
14 February 2023: We are aware this is missing Cammus, Asetek (apparently the best QR system so far!) and Logitech G Pro details, will be added ASAP.